Associate Software Engineer Interview Preparation Guide
Download PDF

Associate Software Engineer Frequently Asked Questions by expert members with experience in Associate Software Engineer. These questions and answers will help you strengthen your technical skills, prepare for the new job test and quickly revise the concepts

41 Associate Software Engineer Questions and Answers:

1 :: What is software engineering?

Some basic definitions of software engineering are:
The application of a disciplined engineering approach to the development of software systems.
A body of knowledge and experience in software development practice and process.

2 :: Can you please explain the difference between computer engineering (CE), computer science (CS), and software engineering (SE)?

While computer engineering programs include courses in software, SE programs incorporate much more detail in software development practice and process, including advanced areas of software architecture, requirements management, quality assurance, and process improvement. Software engineering programs do not stress computer hardware and electronics as much as computer engineering programs do.

On the other hand, software engineering is based on computer science, as other engineering disciplines are based on natural or life sciences. However, software engineering adds an emphasis on issues of process, design, measurement, analysis and verification. In general, scientists seek new knowledge, while engineers want to build things, solve problems, and help people. Both roles are important.

3 :: Why software engineers needed?

Computer systems are pervasive and have a major impact on society. Software is a critical component of all computer systems, including the "embedded systems" used in communication networks, vehicles, consumer electronics and medical devices. Software engineers have the knowledge and skills needed to produce high-quality, effective software on which all these computer systems depend.

4 :: If I like computers. Is Software Engineering for me?

Software Engineering is all about using engineering principles for the production of software. If you like computers, like solving challenging problems and would like to make an impact on the world in which we all live, you should consider software engineering (SE).

Computer systems are an integral part of today's society. Software is a critical component of all computer systems, including the "embedded systems" used in communication networks, vehicles, consumer electronics, and medical devices. Software engineers have the knowledge and skills needed to produce high-quality, effective software on which all these computer systems depend.

BSSE program is one of the first four ABET accredited programs in the United States. Our curriculum provides a strong foundation upon which to build a successful SE career.

5 :: Suppose if I have no previous programming experience. Can I still be successful Software Engineer?

Any previous programming experience that you may have is certainly an asset, but it is not a requirement. It is a very common myth that SE is mainly programming. In fact, SE programs put a lot more emphasis on software development practice and process, including advanced areas of software architecture, requirements management, quality assurance and process improvement.

6 :: During the interview, Why do not obsess over little mistakes that happen?

On more than one occasion, when I gave a star candidate a coding question, he zeroed in on the most optimally performant solution, identified the boundary cases, and began writing well-designed code. Midway through the problem, he makes a little error -- getting the order of operations wrong on the first try, or having an off-by-1 error, or forgetting to declare a variable.

When I point it out, the candidate responds with horror and then becomes so nervous that it impacts his performance during the rest of the interview.

The fear is unfounded. An awesome candidate making a little error is like a concert violinist playing a challenging Brahms concerto and hitting two wrong notes. Sure, the audience could tell that he made mistakes, but they don't get confused as to whether he's actually at Twinkle-Twinkle-Little-Star level.

Even if you completely bomb one question, many interviewers ask you multiple questions and will forgive a single mishap. Even bombing an entire interview is recoverable if the other interviews go well.

7 :: List the types of Architectures in Software Engineering?

An architecture expresses a fundamental structural organization schema for software systems. It provides a set of predefined subsystems, specifies their responsibilities, and includes rules and guidelines for organizing the relationships between them.
★ Object-Oriented/Abstract Data Style
★ Layered Hierarchies
★ Blackboard architecture
★ involving shared access to data with loosely coupled agents
★ Client/Server
★ Three tier Client/Server architectures
★ Peer-to-Peer Architecture

8 :: Which are use cases and class diagrams in Software Engineering?

Use cases are graphical represenation of system parts and there interaction that is taking place. Normally we depict
the part of the systems who are involved in some activity as actors.
Class Diagrams are a part of designing proess. After coming up with use cases of the system, we take each use case and come up with the
classes that we need to perform that functionality. Each class will have Class Name, Attribues and Operations associate with it.
Some of the features of the classes are -
- Each class should have well defined responsibilities
- These responsibilities should be cohesive i.e. the system as a whole looks sensible and looks together.

9 :: Described sequence diagram?

Sequence Diagrams are pictorial representation of event happening according to the time line. In sequence Diagrams, we show respective class names by a small box and the event as a arrow.
Sequence Diagrams help in describing the normal course and alternative course of use cases.

10 :: What are package diagram? What are collaboration diagram?

Collaboration Diagrams:
An alternative presentation of a sequence diagram. We uses boxes to desibe objects, the lines connecting two boxes indiate that the objects collborate with to one another and we use a multiplicity factor "*" to indiate that all elements of the aggregation receive a message.
Package Diagram:
Complete set of sequence Diagrams or Collaboration Diagrams of the system.

11 :: What are Design patterns?

Design Patterns are simple and elegant solutions of commonly occuring problems in software design. Design Patterns make it easier to reuse successful designs and architectures of expereinced and Professional Designers.
There are three types of Patterns -
1) Creational - Concerned with creation of objects
2) Structural - Concerned with composition of classes or objects
3) Behavioral - characterize the ways in which classes and objects interact and distribute responsibility.

12 :: Define SDLC?

A software cycle deals with various parts and phases from planning to testing and deploying. All these activities are carried out in different ways, as per the needs. Each way is known as a Software Development Lifecycle Model (SDLC).

13 :: What are the various SDLC models?

Some SDLC models
★ The Linear model (Waterfall)
- Separate and distinct phases of specification and development
- All activities in linear fashion
- Next phase starts only when first one is complete
* Evolutionary development
- Specification and development are interleaved (Spiral,incremental,prototype based,Rapid Application development)
- Incremental Model (Waterfall in iteration)
- RAD(Rapid Application Development) - Focus is on developing quality product in less time
- Spiral Model - We start from smaller module and keeps on building it like a spiral. It is also called Component based development.
★ Formal systems development
- A mathematical system model is formally transformed to an implementation
★ Agile Methods
- Inducing flexibility into development
★ Reuse-based development
- The system is assembled from existing components

14 :: Described the characteristics of good design? Name some Design Tools?

Object Oriented Design Tools - Rational Rose, Rhapsody, Telelogic Tau G2
UI Design Tools - Rapid/Paper prototypes, Simple
SUMI (Software Usability Measurement Inventory ) - It will tell you how your product compares to this standardization base: whether you are about average for the market, below, or above.

15 :: What is PSP?

PSP stands for Personal Software Process.
★ PSP Objectives are -
- To introduce individuals to a process-based approach to developing software
- To show individuals how to measure, estimate, schedule, and track their work
- To show individuals how to improve the quality of their programs
- In general PSP improves quality and productivity
- The time saved in testing because of better quality reduces time across the project by 20-40%

16 :: What are the advantage of PSP?

Advantage of PSP:
- To manage your work & assess/build your talents/skills
- To plan better
- To track your performance precisely
- To measure the quality of your software products

17 :: What is RUP?

RUP stands for Rational Unified Process
It deals with -
★ Iterative software development process.
★ Visual Modeling of Systems
★ Quality Management
★ Change Control Management
★ Deals with the role, the activity, and the artifact
★ For managing OO Software Development

18 :: List some Features of RUP?

Some Features of RUP are -
★ Online Repository of Process Information and Description
★ Templates for all major artifacts, including:
- Requirements tracking (RequisitePro templates)
- Use Cases (Word Templates )
- Project Management (Project Templates)
★ Process Manuals describing key processes

19 :: What is Testing in Software Engineering?

Testing is running the program(or product) under various circumstances and conditions to find errors and bugs in it. This is important as releasing a faulty product will not only cause serious problems to the end user, it will also harm the companies reputation. There are various kind of Testing conditions and which one to use depends on type of product.

20 :: What are the types of Testing in Software Engineering?

As per Test Target, there is * Unit Testing * Integration Testing * System Testing As per Test Objective, there is * User Acceptance Testing * Installation Testing * Functional * Alpha / Beta testing * Regression * Performance * Stress * Usability * Configuration * Smoke (Sanity Test) Let's see them one by one.