Industrial Labour Interview Preparation Guide
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Industrial Labour related Frequently Asked Questions in various Industrial Labour job interviews by interviewer. The set of questions here ensures that you offer a perfect answer posed to you. So get preparation for your new job hunting

80 Industrial Labour Questions and Answers:

1 :: What is unitary approach?

From employer's perspective, unitary approach means:

☛ The staffing policies should be exercised to unify the efforts. They should motivate the employees.
☛ The objectives of the organization should be discussed with the employees.
☛ A reward system should exist to secure loyalty and commitment from the employees
☛ Line managers should take the responsibility of their team.
☛ Staff-management conflicts arise form lack of information and inadequate presentation of management policies.
☛ Personal objectives of the employees should be integrated with the overall objectives of the organization.

2 :: Explain the major steps of collective bargaining?

The major steps of collective bargaining are:

☛ Preparatory - In this stage the negotiation team is formed which comprises of the members of both the teams. Both the sides need to take a stock of their situation to find the matters which they need to take up discussion, their stand on it.

☛ Discussion - In this stage the ground rules governing the negotiation process are set with the agreement of both the parties.

☛ Proposal - The issue for which the meeting is called is defined and the possible solutions are put forth.

☛ Bargaining - This is the phase where actual bargaining takes place and its nitty gritties are decided.

☛ Settlement - After a consensus is reached, this stage consists of effective joint implementation of the agreement.

3 :: Explain Militant functions?

These activities include strike, lock outs, gherao etc which means putting up a fight with the management. Hence, they are called militant functions. They are carried out for following purposes:

a.) Rise in wages
b.) Rise in the status of workers
c.) Protection against injustice

4 :: What are Lockouts?

Lock out is a management's tool in which an employer prevents the workers from working. This is a pressure tactic used by the management.

5 :: Tell me what do conciliators and mediation officers do?

Conciliators and mediation officers attempt to resolve differences between parties by offering the input of a neutral third party into the matters in dispute. They then file a report with the Minister.

6 :: Do you know what is a strike?

A strike is a cessation of work, a refusal to work or to continue work by employees in combination or in concert with a common understanding, or a slow-down or other concerted activity on the part of employees designed to restrict or limit production for the purpose of compelling an employer to agree to terms or conditions of employment.

7 :: Do you know what is Job Analysis?

Job analysis is the process of studying and collecting information relating to operations and responsibilities of a specific job.

Job analysis is a systematic exploration of activities within a job. It is a basic technical procedure that is used to define duties and responsibilities and accountabilities of the job.

Each job has certain ability requirements associated with it. Job analysis is a process used to identify these requirements.

8 :: Do you know what is industrial relations system?

Industrial relations are the relations between employees, employers, government and trade unions within the organizational structure.

The industrial relations system is a system of relationship between all the parties involved. A sound IR system will create an environment conducive for organizational growth and labour welfare.

9 :: Do you know the unitary perspective of IR from employer point of view?

The unitary approach believes that the employees and employers share the same objectives, interests and purposes. They work hand-in-hand for the betterment of the organizations. However, this system expects loyalty from the employees.

10 :: What is the importance of collective bargaining to employees?

Importance of collective bargaining to employees:

☛ It increases the strength of employees as a group.
☛ It helps in boosting their self respect and level of motivation
☛ It increases their sense of responsibility
☛ It helps in reaching a quick and fair settlement for employee's issues.

11 :: Tell me what are the main causes of Industrial dispute?

Following are the main causes of industrial dispute:

i.) Wages/ Allowance/ Bonus/ Work Load
ii.) Leave/ Working hours/ Work conditions
iii.) Retrenchment/ Lay offs
iv.) Indiscipline/ Violence

12 :: Do you know what is the difference between PM and HR?

Personnel Management is widely used few years back. The main task of PM was to maintain personal records of the employees of the organization. It was just a job to maintain the records (Database), sometime PM use to take care of the recruitment and joining formalities but never expected beyond that.

Human Resource Management takes care of all the aspect, right from

☛ Strategic planning
☛ Recruitment
☛ Joining formalities
☛ Induction
☛ Training
☛ Employee relationship
☛ Handling Employee Grievances
☛ Attrition
☛ Retention
☛ Exit Formalities

13 :: Explain the various parties involved in IR system?

The main parties involved in the IR system are:

i.) Employers - They are the ones who possess the rights to hire the employees and remove them. They also possess the rights to relocate, close or merge the business. They can opt for technological changes as and when they see it in the interest of business.

ii.) Employees - They are actually the ones who keep the business moving. They possess the rights to voice their opinions and feelings while striving for betterment. They usually form the unions to negotiate with the employers.

iii.) Government - Government is the one who influences the IR system with laws, rules, agreements, awards of court etc. They also include third parties & labour and tribunal courts to manage the IR system.

14 :: What is Intra-organizational bargaining?

This kind of bargaining aims at achieving the consensus within the trade union and management group.

15 :: What is a collective agreement?

A collective agreement is an agreement in writing between an employer and the trade union representing employees of the employer which contains provisions respecting conditions of employment, rates of pay, hours of work, and the rights and obligations of the parties to the agreement. Ordinarily the agreement is for a definite period such as one, two or three years, but not less than twelve months. Under some conditions, amendments are made to agreements by mutual consent during the term of the agreement in order to deal with special circumstances.

16 :: Do you know what is Job?

Job is a collection of task to be performed everyday.

17 :: Tell me why is it important to have an IR system in place?

It is important to have an IR system in place

☛ To ensure that the workers are not over powered and used by the employer.
☛ To ensure that the workers do not blackmail the employers with unnecessary demand leading to a loss of production
☛ To ensure that the economy keeps growing
☛ To ensure that even if a problem arises, it is solved amicably.

18 :: Explain SHIFT and RELAY?

Where the work of the same kind is carried out by two or more of sets of workers working during different periods of the day each of such sets is called RELAY and each of such periods is called SHIFT.

19 :: Do you know the unitary perspective of IR from employee point of view?

The unitary approach from employee's point of view means that:

☛ The purpose of a union is to act as a means of better communication between all the parties.
☛ All the parties should focus on good relationships and good working terms and conditions
☛ There should be flexibility in working practices.
☛ Employees should have a participation in workplace decisions. This promotes teamwork, creativity, problem solving abilities.
☛ Employees should have a feeling that the skills of their managers support them in their work.

20 :: What is CBA?

CBA - Collective Bargaining Agreement is the result of collective bargaining procedure.

These agreements can be in one of the two forms:

☛ Procedural agreement
☛ Substantive agreement

Procedural agreements - They usually deal with the relationship between employees and employers to resolve individual and group issues. These are usually filed in the company's rule book.

Substantive agreements - This kind of an agreement deals with specific issues like basic pay, leave policy, bonus payment etc.