Income Tax Expert Interview Preparation Guide
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Income Tax Expert related Frequently Asked Questions by expert members with job experience as Income Tax Expert. These questions and answers will help you strengthen your technical skills, prepare for the new job interview and quickly revise your concepts

90 Income Tax Expert Questions and Answers:

1 :: Please explain what is working capital?

Working capital is defined as current assets minus current liabilities; it tells the financial statement user how much cash is tied up in the business through items such as receivables and inventories and also how much cash is going to be needed to pay off short term obligations in the next 12 months.
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2 :: Explain me what is a deferred tax asset and why might one be created?

Deferred tax asset arises when a company actually pays more in taxes to the IRS than they show as an expense on their income statement in a reporting period.

Differences in revenue recognition, expense recognition (such as warranty expense), and net operating losses (NOLs) can create deferred tax assets.
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3 :: Do you know what is share capital?

Share Capital is that portion of a company’s equity that has been obtained by issuing share to a shareholder. The amount of share capital increases as new shares are sold to public in exchange for cash.
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4 :: Do you know what are limited liability companies? What are its two types?

The limited liability company (LLC) is a business structure combining both the characteristics of a corporate and of partnership. As a corporate entity it protects its owners against personal liability on the other hand for tax purposes it is treated as a non corporate business organization. A limited liability company enjoys various benefits like owners or members of the company have limited liability due to the company’s separate legal existence, system of profit distribution is very flexible. Unlike a corporate organization it does not have to keep minutes or resolutions and is easier to operate. Tax advantage is the important benefit which a limited liability company enjoys as all the profits, losses and expenses are shared by the individual members. Thus the double taxation of paying corporate tax and individual tax is avoided. With all the above benefits limited Liability Company has few disadvantages also as the company comes to an end after the expiry or insolvency of its members.
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5 :: Explain me what are adjustment entries? Why are they passed?

Adjustment entries are the entries which are passed at the end of each accounting period to adjust the nominal and other accounts so that correct net profit or net loss is indicated in profit and loss account and balance sheet may also represent the true and fair view of the financial condition of the business.

It is essential to pass these adjustment entries before preparing final statements. Otherwise in the absence of these entries the profit and loss statement will be misleading and balance sheet will not show the true financial condition of the business.
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6 :: Tell me what is differential Cost?

Differential Cost is the difference between the costs of two alternatives. It includes both cost increase and cost decrease. It can be either variable or fixed.
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7 :: Do you know who is an assessee?

An "Assessee" is a person who is liable to pay tax or any other sum of money under the Act.

It includes
1. Every person in respect of whom any proceeding under this Act has been taken for the assessment of his income or of the income of any other person in respect of whom he is assessable, or of the loss sustained by him or by such other person, or of the amount of refund due to him or to such other person;
2. Every person who is deemed to be an assessee under any provision of this Act;
3. Every person who is deemed to be an assessee in default under any provision of this Act.
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8 :: Tell me what are the basic and additional conditions for Resident and ordinarily resident (ROR)?

The basic conditions for being resident and ordinarily resident is the same condition that satisfies the residential status of an individual and additional conditions for Resident and ordinarily resident in India in a given previous year are mentioned below:

1. If you are resident in India in at least 9 out of 10 previous years as per the basic conditions that satisfies the residential status of an individual preceding the relevant previous year.
2. If you are in India for a period of at least 730 days during 7 years preceding the relevant previous year.
3. An individual or HUF becomes ROR in India if the individual fulfills at least one of the basic conditions that satisfies the residential status of an individual both the additional conditions.
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9 :: Tell me what is Tax refund?

The excess tax paid by an individual than the actual owed is returned by the government which is known as tax refund. After taking into consideration income tax, withholdings, tax deductions or credits and other factors; you file income tax for the year, after that you will receive a tax refund.
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10 :: Tell me how can a taxpayer get a refund for an overpayment of taxes?

There is a provision in India to get a refund for an overpayment of taxes along with interest. When you have to claim a refund you need to file the income tax return within a specified period. You can even track your refund status from the NSDL-TIN website by clicking in Status of Tax refunds and can track your refund by entering PAN and Assessment year for which the refund is to be claimed.
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