Manager Finance Interview Preparation Guide
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Manager Finance related Frequently Asked Questions by expert members with experience in Finance Manager. These questions and answers will help you strengthen your technical skills, prepare for the new job test and quickly revise the concepts

42 Finance Manager Questions and Answers:

1 :: Explain Balance Sheet?

A position statement as it refers to a particular date. It is also referred to as Statement of Sources and Application of Funds. It informs about the various sources used by the organization which are technically known as liabilities to raise the funds which are referred as assets.

2 :: Explain Cash System of Accounting?

Cash System of Accounting: This system records only cash receipts and payments. This system assumes that there are no credit transactions. In this system of accounting, expenses are considered only when they are paid and incomes are considered when they are actually received. This system is used by the organizations which are established for non profit purpose. But this system is considered to be defective in nature as it does not show the actual profits earned and the current state of affairs of the organization.

3 :: Explain about Profitability Statement?

Profitability Statement also known as Profit and Loss Account. It is a period statement as it refers to a particular period.

4 :: Tell us about Mercantile or Accrual System of Accounting?

Mercantile or Accrual System of Accounting: In this system, expenses and incomes are considered during that period to which they pertain. This system of accounting is considered to be ideal but it may result into unrealized profits which might reflect in the books of the accounts on which the organization have to pay taxes too. All the company forms of organization are legally required to follow Mercantile or Accrual System of Accounting.

5 :: Tell me about Capital Expenditure?

Capital Expenditure is an amount incurred for acquiring the long term assets such as land, building, equipments which are continually used for the purpose of earning revenue. These are not meant for sale. These costs are recorded in accounts namely Plant, Property, Equipment. Benefits from such expenditure are spread over several accounting years.

E.g. Interest on capital paid, Expenditure on purchase or installation of an asset, brokerage and commission paid.

6 :: Explain Revenue Expenditure?

Revenue Expenditure is the expenditure incurred in one accounting year and the benefits from which is also enjoyed in the same period only. This expenditure does not increase the earning capacity of the business but maintains the existing earning capacity of the business. It included all the expenses which are incurred during day to day running of business. The benefits of this expenditure are for short period and are not forwarded to the next year. This expenditure is on recurring nature.

Eg: Purchase of raw material, selling and distribution expenses, Salaries, wages etc.

7 :: Explain about Reserves and Surpluses?

Reserves and Surpluses indicate that portion of the earnings, receipt or other surplus of the company appropriated by the management for a general or specific purpose other than provisions for depreciation or for a known liability. Reserves are classified as: Capital Reserve and Capital Redemption Reserve.

8 :: Explain about the Deferred Revenue Expenditure?

Deferred Revenue Expenditure is a revenue expenditure which has been incurred during an accounting year but the benefit of which may be extended to a number of years. And these are charged to profit and loss account. E.g. Development expenditure, Advertisement etc.

9 :: Explain advantages of proprietary firms?

Advantages of proprietary firms:
★ Easy Formation
★ Better Control
★ Quick Decision Making
★ Flexibility in Operations
★ Personal attention to customer needs
★ Creation of Employment
★ Equal Distribution of Wealth
★ No Legal Formalities required

10 :: Explain what is Share Capital?

Share Capital is that portion of a company's equity that has been obtained by issuing share to a shareholder. The amount of share capital increases as new shares are sold to public in exchange for cash.