C++ Template Interview Preparation Guide
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C++ Template job preparation guide for freshers and experienced candidates. Number of C++ Template frequently asked questions(FAQs) asked in many interviews

23 C++ Template Questions and Answers:

1 :: What is Class element in C++?

A class is a user defined data type. It serves as a template of the objects. You can define structure and behavior of an object using class. It includes data and the member functions that operate on data.
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2 :: What is Inheritance in C++?

Inheritance enables a new class to reuse the state and behavior of old class. The new class inherits properties and methods from the old class and is called as derived class and the old class is called as base class. The methods thus inherited can be extended using overriding facility of C++.
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3 :: What is Encapsulation in C++?

The wrapping up of data and member function into an object is called encapsulation. The data is not accessible to the outside world and only those functions which are wrapped into the object can access it. An encapsulated objects act as a "black box" for other parts of the program which interact with it. They provide a service, but the calling objects do not need to know the details how the service is accomplished.
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4 :: What is Polymorphism in C++?

Polymorphism enables one common interface for many implementations, and for objects to act differently under different circumstances. You can also achieve polymorphism in C++ by function overloading, operator overloading and implementation inheritance.
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5 :: Tell me what are the basic Concepts used in the Object-Oriented Programming language?

Data Abstraction and Encapsulation
Message passing
Dynamic binding
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6 :: Can you please explain what are the characteristics of Object Oriented programming language?

Some key features of the Object Oriented programming are:

Emphasis on data rather than procedure
Programs are divided into entities known as objects
Data Structures are designed such that they characterize objects
Functions that operate on data of an object are tied together in data structures
Data is hidden and cannot be accessed by external functions
Objects communicate with each other through functions
New data and functions can be easily added whenever necessary
Follows bottom up design in program design
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7 :: Tell me what are the syntax and semantics for a function template?

Templates is one of the features of C++. Using templates, C++ provides a support for generic programming.

We can define a template for a function that can help us create multiple versions for different data types.

A function template is similar to a class template and it syntax is as follows:
template <class T>
Return-type functionName (arguments of type T)
//Body of function with type T wherever appropriate
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8 :: Do you know what is class using C++?

A class holds the data and functions that operate on the data. It serves as the template of an object.
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9 :: Tell us what is the STL, standard template library?

The Standard Template Library, or STL, is a C++ library of container classes, algorithms, and iterators; it provides many of the basic algorithms and data structures

The STL includes the classes vector, list, deque, set, multiset, map, multimap, hash_set, hash_multiset, hash_map, and hash_multimap.
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10 :: Please tell me how is static data member similar to a global variable?

The life of a static data member exists between the functions which means that they are resident through out the execution of a program like the global variables.
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