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What is samba, what is configuration file, how it will work?


Samba provides file and print services to all manner of
SMB/CIFS clients, including the numerous versions of
Microsoft Windows operating systems. Samba configuration
file is smb.conf:

Sample smb.conf

# Domain name ..
workgroup = DOMAIN.NAME
# Server name - as seen by Windows PCs ..
netbios name = SERVER1
# Be a PDC ..
domain logons = Yes
domain master = Yes
# Be a WINS server ..
wins support = true

# allow user privileges
#enable privileges = yes

obey pam restrictions = Yes
dns proxy = No
os level = 35
log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
max log size = 1000
syslog = 0
panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d
pam password change = Yes

# Allows users on WinXP PCs to change their password
when they press Ctrl-Alt-Del
unix password sync = no
ldap passwd sync = yes

# Printing from PCs will go via CUPS ..
load printers = yes
printing = cups
printcap name = cups

# Use LDAP for Samba user accounts and groups ..
passdb backend = ldapsam:ldap://localhost

# This must match init.ldif ..
ldap suffix = dc=domain,dc=name
# The password for cn=admin MUST be stored in
# This is done by running 'sudo smbpasswd -w'.
ldap admin dn = cn=admin,dc=domain,dc=name

# 4 OUs that Samba uses when creating user accounts,
computer accounts, etc.
# (Because we are using smbldap-tools, call them
'Users', 'Computers', etc.)
ldap machine suffix = ou=Computers
ldap user suffix = ou=Users
ldap idmap suffix = ou=Idmap
# Samba and LDAP server are on the same server in
this example.
ldap ssl = no

# Scripts for Samba to use if it creates users,
groups, etc.
add user script = /usr/sbin/smbldap-useradd -m '%u'
delete user script = /usr/sbin/smbldap-userdel %u
add group script = /usr/sbin/smbldap-groupadd -p '%g'
delete group script = /usr/sbin/smbldap-groupdel '%g'
add user to group script =
/usr/sbin/smbldap-groupmod -m '%u' '%g'
delete user from group script =
/usr/sbin/smbldap-groupmod -x '%u' '%g'
set primary group script = /usr/sbin/smbldap-usermod
-g '%g' '%u'

# Script that Samba users when a PC joins the domain ..
# (when changing 'Computer Properties' on the PC)

#add machine script = /usr/sbin/smbldap-useradd -w '%u'
add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -s /bin/false
-d /home/nobody %u

# Values used when a new user is created ..
# (Note: '%L' does not work properly with
smbldap-tools 0.9.4-1)
logon drive = H:
logon home = \\server\%U
logon path = \\server\Profiles\%U
logon script = logon.bat

# This is required for Windows XP client ..
server signing = auto
server schannel = Auto

comment = Home Directories
path = /home/users/%U
valid users = %S
read only = No
browseable = No
comment = Network Logon Service
path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon
admin users = root
guest ok = Yes
browseable = No

comment = Roaming Profile Share
# would probably change this to elsewhere in a
production system ..
path = /var/lib/samba/profiles
read only = No
profile acls = Yes
browsable = No
hide files = /desktop.ini/ntuser.ini/NTUSER.*/

comment = All Printers
path = /var/spool/samba
use client driver = Yes
create mask = 0600
guest ok = Yes
printable = Yes
browseable = No
public = yes
writable = yes
admin users = root
write list = root

comment = Printer Drivers Share
path = /var/lib/samba/printers
write list = root
create mask = 0664
directory mask = 0775
admin users = root

Test it with :

# testparm /etc/samba/smb.conf

Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf
Processing section "[homes]"
Processing section "[netlogon]"
Processing section "[Profiles]"
Processing section "[printers]"
Processing section "[print$]"
Loaded services file OK.
Server role: ROLE_DOMAIN_PDC
Press enter to see a dump of your service definitions

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