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Explain What are all the technical steps involved when the data transmission from server via router?
When a packet is sent out of a server, It has source and Destination IP, sorcce and destination Port no and sorce and destination Mac ID, first it is sent to the switch, The switch checks the packet whether the MAC ID is in the MAC-Address-Table if not it broad casts the message if the destination IP is not in the same segment Then it forwards the packet to the gateway (normally the router or firewall). then the router/firewall checks its routing table and access lists if it has the information about the destination IP and if it has access to the destination IP it forwards it to the next hop, and if any one of the condition fails it just drops the packet.
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