Unix/Linux programming Interview Preparation Guide
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Unix/Linux programming Interview Questions and Answers will guide us about the Unix and Linux Programming and a huge Collection and sharing of, interview questions and answers asked in various interviews about the Unix and Linux based jobs, faqs and articles. Discussion about Unix programming so learn Unix and Linux programming with the help of this Unix/Linux programming Interview Questions with Answers guide

15 Unix/Linux programming Questions and Answers:

1 :: What is the major advantage of a hash table?

The major advantage of a hash table is its speed. Because the hash function is to take a range of key values and transform them into index values in such a way that the key values are distributed randomly across all the indices of a hash table.

2 :: What are the techniques that you use to handle the collisions in hash tables?

We can use two major techniques to handle the collisions. They are open addressing and separate chaining. In open addressing, data items that hash to a full array cell are placed in another cell in the array. In separate chaining, each array element consist of a linked list. All data items hashing to a given array index are inserted in that list.

3 :: In Unix OS, what is the file server?

The file server is a machine that shares its disk storage and files with other machines on the network.

4 :: What is NFS? What is its job?

NFS stands for Network File System. NFS enables filesystems physically residing on one computer system to be used by other computers in the network, appearing to users on the remote host as just another local disk.

5 :: What is CVS? List some useful CVS commands?

CVS is Concurrent Version System. It is the front end to the RCS revision control system which extends the notion of revision control from a collection of files in a single directory to a hierarchical collection of directories consisting of revision controlled files. These directories and files can be combined together to form a software release.
There are some useful commands that are being used very often. They are

► cvs checkout
► cvs update
► cvs add
► cvs remove
► cvs commit

6 :: How do you debug a core dump?

► gdb a.out

► core core

► backtrace

7 :: How would you create shared and dynamic libraries?

Well shared libraries have 2 types

1) Static

2) Dynamic.

u can create library by

ar cr -o sharedobj.a file1.o file2.o

while file1 and file2 are headfiles (obj)

now put this sharedobj.a into /usr/lib directory

8 :: What are the differences between Shared and Dynamic libraries?

There are two ways in which a library is shared. Static and dynamic

In statically linked library the code of library is referenced at compile time and the result executable will be bigger.

I dynamically linked libraries the code of library is referenced at run time and resulting executable will be smaller. But drwaback is that at run time this will need the library to reference the library related symbols.

9 :: Give examples of how memory leaks can occur with c programs?

Memory leaks can be occured if no allocated memory is freed. for example,malloc() and free().It is always a good practice to release the memory because it can be dangerous. it could afftect the whole program and lead to very difficult situtation. Make sure that you are releasing the allocated memory at time. so next time you write program, think twice before allocating memory. I always writedown a notes before i start program. so i know whats going on.

Momery leak example occurs when a developer allocates memory, assigns it to a pointer, and then assigns a different value to the pointer without freeing the first block of memory. In this example, overwriting the address in the pointer erases the reference to the original block of memory, making it impossible to release.

10 :: Explain the Unix file system?

Basically there are 4 different types of file systems in unix ,they are as follows
1.Device file
2.Directory fil.
4.Regular file