Ophthalmology Interview Preparation Guide
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Ophthalmology Interview Questions and Answers will guide us now that the Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine which deals with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways, including the eye, brain, and areas surrounding the eye, such as the lacrimal system and eyelids. Learn the Ophthalmology basis and advance concepts or get preparation for job interview of Ophthalmology by our Ophthalmology Interview Questions and Answers Guide.

61 Ophthalmology Questions and Answers:

1 :: The following are true about cerebrospinal fluid:

* a) It is found in the space between the pia mater and the arachnoid
* b) The normal amount in human being is about 500 ml
* c) With the body lying in lateral horizontal position, the normal intracranial pressure is about 100 ml of water
* d) Only, the lateral ventricle contains choroidal plexus, which secrete cerebrospinal fluid
* e) Cerebrospinal fluid contains the same concentration of glucose as the blood

Answer a. T b. F .T d. F e. F

2 :: True statement about the facial nerve includes:

* a) Its nucleus is in the floor of the fourth ventricle
* b) Its fibres reach the surface of the brain in the cerebellopontine angle
* c) Transmits taste fibres for the anterior half of the tongue
* d) Gives the deep petrosal nerve as branch to the sphenopalatine ganglion
* e) Has a sensory component that supplies the outer ear

Answer a. T b. T c. T d. F e. T

3 :: The optic chiasm:

* a) Forms the floor of the recess of the third ventricle
* b) is inferior to the medial root of the olfactory tract
* c) Has the internal carotid artery as its immediate lateral relation
* d) Has the mamillary bodies lying immediately posterior to it
* e) Is in close relation to the oculomotor nerve inferiorly

Answer a. T b. T c. T d. F e. F

4 :: The cells of the retinal pigment epithelium:

* a) Are of mesenchymal origin
* b) Are shorter at the fovea than else where in the retina
* c) Have intracellular melanosomes
* d) Regenerate visual pigment
* e) Form the inner outer blood-retina barrier

Answer a. F b. F c. T d. T e. F

5 :: With regard to the lacrimal drainage system:

* a) The upper lacrimal punctum is lateral to the lower punctum
* b) The lacrimal canaliculi are lined by stratified squamous epithelium
* c) nasolacrimal duct is narrowest at the lowest end
* d) nasolacrimal duct runs downwards, lateral and forwards to the anterior part of inferior meatus
* e) Congenital blockage is due mainly to delay development of common canaliculus

Answer a. T b. T c. F d. F e. F

6 :: The following are true about lacrimal gland:

* a) The palpebral part drains into the superior conjunctival fornix through 12 ducts
* b) The palpebral part of the gland is 1/3 the size of the orbital part
* c) Excision of palpebral but no the orbital part abolish the tear secretion by the gland
* d) It receives secretomotor nerve from the third cranial nerve
* e) The lymphatic drainage is to parotid gland

Answer a. T b. T c. F d. F e. T

7 :: The globe:

* a) Is closer to the orbital floor than the roof
* b) Is closer to the lateral wall of the orbital cavity than to medial wall
* c) Has a vertical diameter less than the anteroposterior diameter
* d) Has an anterior segment which form 1/4 of the circumference
* e) is least protected laterally

Answer a. F b. T c. T d. F e. T

8 :: The vitreous:

* a) Is firmly attached to the pars plana
* b) Has a high concentration of hyaluronic acid
* c) Is a hydrogel with a water content of 80%
* d) Contains calcium in asteroid hyalosis
* e) Contains collagen which is mainly type II

Answer a. T b. T c. F d. T e. T

9 :: The cornea:

* a) is thicker centrally than peripherally
* b) Contains 10,000 endothelium cells per square mm at birth
* c) Has an acellular collagenous stroma
* d) Contain Descemet's membrane is produced by the endothelium
* e) Has a refractive index of 1.38

Answer a. F b. F c. F d. T e. T

10 :: The nasociliary nerve supplies:

* a) The sphenoidal sinus
* b) ethmoidal sinus
* c) Cornea
* d) lacrimal sac
* e) Dilator pupillae

Answer a. T b. T c. T d. T e. T

11 :: The ciliary ganglion:

* a) Is found between the optic nerve and the medial rectus
* b) Contains sympathetic nerve that supplies the sphincter pupillae
* c) Is a parasympathetic relay ganglion for fibers from the Edinger-Westphal Nucleus?
* d) Contains sensory nerve
* e) Has a motor nerve that goes to the inferior oblique

Answer a. F b. F c. T d. T e. F

12 :: The inferior rectus muscle:

* a) Is inserted 6.5 cm behind limbus
* b) Is innervated from its inferior surface
* c) Is attached to the lower lid
* d) Is the main depressor of the globe when the eye is adducted?
* e) lies inferior to the inferior oblique muscle

Answer a. T b. F c. T d. F e. T

13 :: In the eyelids:

* a) The tarsal plate is a continuation of the orbital septum
* b) The meibomian glands secrete much in rich secretion
* c) The orifices of the meibomian glands are anterior to the root of eyelashes
* d) The lower lid is supplied by the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve exclusively
* e) There are more meibomian glands in the upper than lower lids

Answer a. T b. F c. F d .F e. T

14 :: The parotid gland:

* a) Contains a fascial sheath which is innervated by second cervical nerve
* b) Receives post-ganglionic parasympathetic nerve from the otic ganglion
* c) Contains a duct which opens into the mouth opposite the upper canine tooth
* d) Is composed of serous acini which contribute to the saliva
* e) Is covered by the massenter

Answer a. T b. T c. F d. T e. F

15 :: In the head and neck:

* a) The lymph from the upper lid drains to the parotid and submandibular lymph nodes
* b) The facial nerve comes from the first pharyngeal arch
* c) Branches of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve supply the skin of the scalp as far backward as the vertex
* d) The veins of the scalp are connected to both the diploic veins and the intracranial venous sinuses
* e) A unilateral cleft lip is a failure of the maxillary process to fuse with the medial nasal process

Answer a. F b. F c. T d. T e. T

16 :: In the development of the eye:

* a) The orbit is completed by 10th week of gestation
* b) The orbit arises from fusion between the lateral nasal process and the maxilla
* c) The lower eyelids are formed by the maxillary process
* d) Upper lids arise from fronto-nasal process
* e) The nasolacrimal duct arises from the ectoderm of of nasolacrimal groove

Answer a. T b. T c. T d. T e. T

17 :: The following structures are of ectodermal origin:

* a) The retina and its retinal pigment epithelium
* b) Iris stroma
* c) The sclera
* d) The ciliary muscle
* e) The corneal stroma

Answer a. T b. F c. F d. F e. T

18 :: The hyaloid artery:

* a) Arises from the dorsal ophthalmic artery
* b) Communicates freely with the choroidal circulation throughout development
* c) Regresses after birth
* d) Bergmeister's papillae is a remnant
* e) forms part of the vascular propria lentis

Answer a. T b. F c. F d. T e. T

19 :: With respect to lens development:

* a) The lens first appears at 27 days of gestation
* b) It is formed from neural crest cells
* c) The lens first appears as vesicles with a single layer of epithelial cells
* d) Y suture is absent in the embryonic nucleus
* e) The adult lens is more spherical than the foetal

Answer a. T b. F c. T d. T e. F

20 :: The following structures arise from the first pharyngeal arch:

* a) Common carotid artery
* b) Mandible
* c) Facial nerve
* d) orbicularis oculi
* e) temporalis

Answer a. F b. T c. F d. F e. T