Data Modeling Interview Preparation Guide
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Data modeling Interview Questions and Answers will guide us now that Data modeling in software engineering is the process of creating a data model by applying formal data model descriptions using data modeling techniques. So learn data modeling by this Data modeling Interview Questions with Answers guide

36 Data Modeling Questions and Answers:

1 :: Give us a non-computer example of preemptive and non-preemptive scheduling?

Consider any system where people use some kind of resources and compete for them. The non-computer examples for preemptive scheduling the traffic on the single lane road if there is emergency or there is an ambulance on the road the other vehicles give path to the vehicles that are in need. The example for preemptive scheduling is people standing in queue for tickets.
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2 :: What is the difference between star flake and snow flake schema?

Star Schema:
Well in star schema you just enter your desired facts and all the primary keys of your dimensional tables in Fact table. And fact tables primary is the union of its all dimension table key. In star schema dimensional tables are usually not in BCNF form.

SnowFlake:
Its almost like starschema but in this our dimension tables are in 3rd NF, so more dimensions tables. And these dimension tables are linked by primary, foreign key relation.
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3 :: What is data sparsity and how it effect on aggregation?

Data sparsity is term used for how much data we have for a particular dimension/entity of the model.

It affects aggregation depending on how deep the combination of members of the sparse dimension make up. If the combination is a lot and those combination do not have any factual data then creating space to store those aggregations will be a waste as a result, the database will become huge.
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4 :: What is the difference between hashed file stage and sequential file stage in relates to DataStage Server?

In datastage server jobs,can we use sequential filestage for a lookup instead of hashed filestage.If yes ,then whats the advantage of a Hashed File stage over sequential filestage

search is faster in hash files as you can directly get the address of record directly by hash algorithm as records are stored like that but in case of sequential file u must compare all the records.
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5 :: When should you consider denormalization?

Denormalization is used when there is a lot of tables involved in retreiving data.Denormalization is done in dimentional modelling used to construct a data ware house.This is not usually done for data bases of transactional systems.
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6 :: What is ERD?

Data models are tools used in analysis to describe the data requirements and assumptions in the system from a top-down perspective. They also set the stage for the design of databases later on in the SDLC.

There are three basic elements in ER models:
Entities are the "things" about which we seek information.
Attributes are the data we collect about the entities.
Relationships provide the structure needed to draw information from multiple entities
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7 :: What is third normal form?

An entity is in the third normal form if it is in the second normal form and all of its attributes are not transitively dependent on the primary key. Transitive dependence means that descriptor key attributes depend not only on the whole primary key, but also on other descriptor key attributes that, in turn, depend on the primary key. In SQL terms, the third normal form means that no column within a table is dependent on a descriptor column that, in turn, depends on the primary key.



For 3NF, first, the table must be in 2NF, plus, we want to make sure that the non-key fields are dependent upon ONLY the PK, and not other non-key fields for its existence. This is very similar to to 2NF, except that now you are comparing the non-key fields to OTHER non-key fields. After all, we know that the relationship to the PK is good, because we established that in 2NF.
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8 :: Why are recursive relationships are bad? How do you resolve them?

Recursive relationships are an interesting and more complex concept than the relationships you have seen in the previous chapters, such as a one-to-one, one-to-many, and many-to-many. A recursive relationship occurs when there is a relationship between an entity and itself. For example, a one-to-many recursive relationship occurs when an employee is the manager of other employeess. The employee entity is related to itself, and there is a one-to-many relationship between one employee (the manager) and many other employees (the people who report to the manager). Because of the more complex nature of these relationships, we will need slightly more complex methods of mapping them to a schema and displaying them in a stylesheet.
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9 :: Is this statement TRUE or FALSE? all databases must be in third normal form?

In general all organization data bases are normalised to 3nf inorder to remove redundancy and efficent access.A data base can also be created with out normalisation.Hence it is not a mandatory that a database should be in 3nf.
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10 :: What is an artificial (derived) primary key? When should it be used?

Using a name as the primary key violates the principle of stability. The social security number might be a valid choice, but a foreign employee might not have a social security number. This is a case where a derived, rather than a natural, primary key is appropriate. A derived key is an artificial key that you create. A natural key is one that is already part of the database.
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