Microsoft Windows Question:
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Condition for deadlock occurrence?

Answer:

Deadlock can arise if four conditions hold simultaneously.

Mutual exclusion:
only one process at a time can use a resource.

Hold and wait:
a process holding at least one resource is waiting to acquire additional resources held by other processes.

No preemption:
a resource can be released only voluntarily by the process holding it, after that process has completed its task.

Circular wait:
there exists a set {P0, P1, ?, P0} of waiting processes such that P0 is waiting for a resource that is held by P1, P1 is waiting for a resource that is held by P
2, Pn1 is waiting for a resource that is held by
Pn, and P0 is waiting for a resource that is held by P0.

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